Diop has noted that because of the simultaneous concentration of energy sources and raw materials, that there are eight natural zones for industrial development in Africa.
1) Zaire River Basin
The Zaire River Basin contains almost two-thirds of the world’s hydraulic energy. It has the potential to become the leading industrial region in Africa. This energy will be complemented by the raw materials in neighboring territories. Materials such as coal, iron, chromium, manganese, silver, industrial diamonds, gold, uranium and other abundant minerals in this region. Also, a national fishing industry could flourish on the abundant fresh water fish all along the African coast.
2) Gulf of Benin Region
The region between Benin and Cameroon also has the potential to become a major industrial center. Nigeria has a large hydraulic reserve as well as oil. Cameroon produces uranium, tin and gold.
3) Ghana and Cote D’ivoire
Together, these countries have 25 billion kilowatt-hours in energy reserves, and “account for more than half of the world’s production of cacao.”
4) Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia
This metallurgical region has a future in the automotive and aerospace industries. This region also has large reserves of hydraulic energy, iron ore, bauxite, industrial diamonds, uranium, oil palms and fruit canneries.
5) Tropical Zone (Senegal, Mali, Niger)
These supposedly energy deficient regions are quite capable of setting up powerful industries in textiles, dyes, cement, oil seeds, fishing, wood chemistry, rice, and cattle.
6) Nilotic Sudan, Great Lakes, Ethiopia
The Nile provides this very large region with its principal reserve energy source. Corresponding industries can be set up around the growing of cotton, sugar cane, hemp, sisal, oil palms and coconut trees.
7) Zambezi River Basin
This region has large hydraulic reserves; Africa’s largest reserve of coal in Wankie, Zimbabwe; uranium deposits and vanadium deposits.
8) South Africa
Already industrialized, South Africa is rich in gold, diamonds, coal, uranium, thorium, wool, and oil from the Kalahari Desert.
It would be pointless to build a federated state, that would make Africa’s potential for economic and industrial growth a reality, without the muscle to protect it. The federation will need a defense force capable of defending it against the predators who have become accustomed to taking whatever they want from Africa. Indeed, the establishment of the federation’s military-industrial complex is not only a practical reality, but another area of growth that will provide employment for thousands.
Diop believes that a political union must precede an economic union, and for this to happen political leaders must be willing to set aside their selfish interests. The problem with this sequence is that it relies too heavily on heads of state to do the right thing: Which they won’t. The burden, then, is on the people. They must provide their respective leaders with the right incentives: Either pursue confederation or be removed from office! This has to be a grassroots effort. The people themselves will have to be highly motivated to take such a stand. This is why I believe that there must be a sociocultural, philosophical, psychospiritual union before anything else can happen. Out of this, a new “conscientious commerce” will develop. And from there it will be a natural step to create a new political reality to leverage the power that will come from an African economy controlled entirely by African people. Every effort must be made to organize locally for the express purpose of reconnecting African people along these lines: But, not just in Africa, throughout the Diaspora as well. We have to start seeing ourselves as a global people, and require everyone to contribute to the greater good.